Art Deco, also known as Modern Style, is an Art Deco and architectural movement that began in the 1920s and became a dominant style in Western Europe and the United States in the 1930s. Since its debut in Paris, the Art Deco style has rapidly been adopted around the world, drawing inspiration from a variety of sources and moving disciplines ranging from fine and decorative arts to fashion, architecture, cinematography and product design. The Art Deco style is most commonly applied in architecture, interior design, poster art, furniture, jewelry, textiles, fashion, and industrial design, although it is also applied to fine arts such as painting and graphics.
Some of the first Art Deco hotels were built in Miami Beach after World War II, but the style has largely disappeared elsewhere, except for industrial design, where it continues to be used in products like car styling and jukeboxes. Mainly
based on the collaboration of artists with different mediums, from architects and painters to sculptures and designers, Art Deco was the most commonly used architectural style during the interwar period, especially in the United States. Art Deco takes its name from the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts and Modern Industry held in Paris in 1925, and its name is an abbreviation of “Art Deco”, although various styles of Art Deco have appeared in Paris before the First World War and Brussels.
Art Deco painting was, by definition, decorative, meant to decorate a room or an architectural piece, so few artists worked exclusively in Art Deco, but two artists are closely associated with Art Deco. There are some characteristics that can help us decide if we are looking at Art Deco works of art and in the following paragraphs we will try to establish these basic and typical characteristics of Art Deco by examining the characteristics of Art Deco in its various forms, from the pictorial art and from art deco paintings to design and architecture. With its global visual language and character that responds well to the needs of mass production, the legacy of this decorative style is still present today, especially in fashion, product and industrial design. Art Deco hallmarks are simple and clean forms, often with an “aerodynamic” look; geometric ornament or stylized representational forms; and extraordinarily varied, often expensive materials, which often include artificial substances (plastics, especially Bakelite, living glass, and reinforced concrete) as well as natural ones (jade, silver, ivory, obsidian, chrome, rock crystal).
Art Deco was not limited to buildings on the mainland; the ocean liner SS Normandie made its maiden voyage in 1935 and featured Art Deco designs, including a dining room with ceilings and decorations made of Lalique glass. The American World’s Fairs in Chicago (1933) and New York (1939) brought Art Nouveau design to the forefront, while Hollywood took this aesthetic
and made it glamorous in America, producing a new objectivity and international Major influences such as style on architecture, and the severe economic setbacks of the late 1920s and early 1930s, began to practice the Art Nouveau aesthetic, and the movement became less luxurious. In terms of architecture and design, Streamline Moderne uses clean curves, horizontal lines, slats, glass blocks and portholes.
Visually, Streamlined Moderne, as we all know, has returned to a more horizontal orientation and made it simpler, as any ostentatious display is considered bad. Art Nouveau, on the other hand, was primarily concerned with the natural environment, and designers and artists working in this style tried to harmonize modern objects with more natural forms. Filled with natural motifs such as sunlight and lianas, Art Nouveau owes much to the symmetry of the natural world. From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, Art Nouveau flourished in Europe.
Prominent Art Deco furniture designers of the era included André Marais (1887–1932), Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann (1879–1933) and Eileen Gray (1879–1976), while Art Deco artists pursued other art forms such as interior design. textile design, jewelry, metal objects, lighting, glassware and ceramics including André Groult (1884–1967), Jean Dunant (1877–1942), Paul Follet
(1877–1941) and Pierre Chareau (1883–1950). Notable Art Deco stylists included Paul Poiret (1879–1944), known for haute couture and Atelier Martine, and notable Art Deco fashion illustrators included George Barbier (1882–1932), Umberto Brunelleschi (1879– 1949), Erte (1892). -1990) and Charles Martin (1884-1934). The fact that Art Deco architectural designs have been embraced with such enthusiasm by architects in countries as diverse as the United Kingdom, Spain, Cuba, Indonesia, the Philippines, Argentina, Romania, Australia, New Zealand, India and Brazil speaks volumes in favor of novel Art Deco monumentality.
For example, a figure such as The Firebird (1922) by French designer Wren (c) Lalique is elegantly slender and relaxed, while Lee Lawris’ Atlas (1937) outside of Rockefeller Center is solid and sturdy. with markedly linear musculature, although both are considered exquisite representations of the Art Nouveau style. Art Nouveau had a horizontal rather than a vertical accent, rounded rather than angular corners, and some surface ornamentation. In the United States, the rounded corner has become more closely associated with transportation; Art Deco was rarely used in office buildings, but was often used for bus terminals and airport terminals, such as New York’s LaGuardia Airport Terminal, which operated the first transatlantic flights on Clipper PanAm seaplanes; and in street architecture such as gas stations and restaurants.