Modernist Architecture

Modernist architecture, or modernism, is a style that emerged in the early 20th century in response to large-scale changes in both technology and society. Abandoning ornamentation and embracing minimalism, modernism became the most important new style or philosophy of architecture and design of the 20th century. Modern architecture emerged in the late 19th century from the 19th century as a result of revolutions in technology, engineering and building materials and the desire to break with historical architectural styles and invent something purely functional and new. The debut of new materials and methods inspired architects to break with the neoclassical and eclectic patterns that dominated European and American architecture in the late 19th century, especially eclecticism, Victorian and Edwardian architecture, and the Beaux-Arts architectural style.

Modernism was further developed in the 1960s, when architects such as Louis Kahn and Eero Saarinen began to reject the International Style, disappointed with the dry aestheticism of many postwar urban designs. Inspired by European Modern Art Cubism, the square forms of International Style buildings also embody new social architectural theories. The International Style, with its unmistakably unkempt appearance of rectangular shapes interspersed with sash windows, announces a new “modern” vision of architectural style and purpose​​​. Modern sports buildings are radically different in concept and design, constantly testing the limits of form, material and function.

The modern architecture movement represents a dramatic shift in building design, from the traditional forms and building methods of the past to a new era of design. Modernism developed in all areas of the arts, not just in architecture, as a means of welcoming and responding to new technologies in machines, automation, and urban design. Decades after modernism became the predominant architectural mode of expression, it is arguably even more popular than during its post-World War II heyday.

Modernist architecture is concerned with the function of buildings, proper analysis, rational use of materials, elimination of ornamentation and ornamentation, and the discovery of structural innovations. In architecture, it is defined as a design language that emphasizes form rather than decoration; structure and material rather than graphic structure; rational and efficient use of space.

art noveau france

The Art Deco architectural style (called Art Nouveau in France) was modern, but not modernist; it had many features of modernism, including the use of reinforced concrete, glass, steel, chrome, and the rejection of traditional historical models such as the Beaux-Arts style and neoclassicism; but, in contrast to the modernist styles of Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe, he used embellishments and colors lavishly. Although relatively little architecture was actually produced, the influence of buildings such as the Rietveld Schröder House (1924) can be seen in the work of architects such as Mies van der Rohe. The architectural designs of Walter Gropius were more like huge sculptures than traditional modern buildings; it separates from elegant boxes inspired by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and instead uses sweeping curves and parabolas like bird wings.

Well versed in the history of modernism, this architect often awakens the spirit of his famous masters when faced with a design challenge. The only architect with the widest range of modernist competencies: he has worked at the Bauhaus Foundation Dessau, an institution founded in 1994 to develop the original Bauhaus heritage, and, together with the prolific design writer Rainer Weisbach, is co-author of UmBauhaus – Modernism Renewal. – The Bauhaus Foundation Dessau, an institution founded in 1994 to develop the original heritage of the Bauhaus, and together with the prolific design writer Rainer Weisbach, co-author of UmBauhaus. Foundation in Dessau. The De Stijl movement, also known as Neo-Plasticism, influenced designers around the world until the 20th century.

Frank Lloyd Wright believed that all architecture was organic, and early 20th century Art Nouveau architects incorporated curved plant-like forms into their designs. Just look at the designs of Frank Lloyd Wright and many other iconic architects. Yes, some of these modern designs may have flat roofs and boxy shapes, but they’re certainly not boring. Modern architects express themselves through simple, clear views of structural elements and the avoidance of unnecessary design details. Modern architecture flaunts the actual structures and materials used in buildings, rather than covering them with decorative patterns.

When you look at images of these contemporary building design approaches, note that contemporary architects often draw on different design philosophies to create striking and unique buildings. However, the two designs will always mix and match, even in the images in this article. Overall, contemporary architecture is defined by clean lines and minimalist interiors that allow the property to speak for itself and take center stage. While the model may be linear, clean, and concise, there is certainly warmth to be found in contemporary architecture. In addition, most modern floors have fewer walls, creating a more welcoming and open living space that most people crave. Blending traditional and modern architectural elements works well if done right and with a touch of restraint. There are many examples of these two seemingly opposing styles being successfully combined together in a single cohesive design.

Features of desert modernism include large glass walls and windows; spectacular roof lines with wide overhangs; open floor plans with outdoor living spaces included in the overall design; a combination of modern (steel and plastic) and traditional (wood and stone) building materials. In architecture, these characteristics are classified as appearance, structure, materials, and historical period, and apply to all styles of architecture, including contemporary. Modern architecture is an architectural style that refers to a large group of similar buildings that emerged in many countries as a result of the practice of many architects between the 1920s and 1950s. The photographs featured here illustrate a wide range of architectures: Expressionism, Constructivism, Bauhaus, Functionalism, Internationalism, Mid-Century Desert Modernism, Structuralism, Formalism, High-Tech, Brutalism, Deconstructivism, Minimalism, De Stijl, Metabolism, Organics, Postmodernism and Parametricism.

Technical innovation, experimentation, and rethinking how people lived and used designed environments, buildings, or landscapes have been hallmarks of contemporary architecture practice. Frank Lloyd Wright developed the pre-World War I approach to home design known as Prairie Style, which set the stage for the influx of European modernism in the 1920s and 1930s, especially Art Deco.

Revival of the Art Deco Architectural Movement

Art Deco, also known as Modern Style, is an Art Deco and architectural movement that began in the 1920s and became a dominant style in Western Europe and the United States in the 1930s. Since its debut in Paris, the Art  Deco style has rapidly been adopted around the world, drawing inspiration from a variety of sources and moving disciplines ranging from fine and decorative arts to fashion, architecture, cinematography and product design. The Art Deco style is most commonly applied in architecture, interior design, poster art, furniture, jewelry, textiles, fashion, and industrial design, although it is also applied to fine arts such as painting and graphics.

Some of the first Art Deco hotels were built in Miami Beach after World War II, but the style has largely disappeared elsewhere, except for industrial design, where it continues to be used in products like car styling and jukeboxes. Mainly
based on the collaboration of artists with different mediums, from architects and painters to sculptures and designers, Art Deco was the most commonly used architectural style during the interwar period, especially in the United States. Art Deco takes its name from the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts and Modern Industry held in Paris in 1925, and its name is an abbreviation of “Art Deco”, although various styles of Art Deco have appeared in Paris before the First World War and Brussels.

architectural phenomena

Art Deco painting was, by definition, decorative, meant to decorate a room or an architectural piece, so few artists worked exclusively in Art Deco, but two artists are closely associated with Art Deco. There are some characteristics that can help us decide if we are looking at Art Deco works of art and in the following paragraphs we will try to establish these basic and typical characteristics of Art Deco by examining the characteristics of Art Deco in its various forms, from the pictorial art and from art deco paintings to design and architecture. With its global visual language and character that responds well to the needs of mass production, the legacy of this decorative style is still present today, especially in fashion, product and industrial design. Art Deco hallmarks are simple and clean forms, often with an “aerodynamic” look; geometric ornament or stylized representational forms; and extraordinarily varied, often expensive materials, which often include artificial substances (plastics, especially Bakelite, living glass, and reinforced concrete) as well as natural ones (jade, silver, ivory, obsidian, chrome, rock crystal).

Art Deco was not limited to buildings on the mainland; the ocean liner SS Normandie made its maiden voyage in 1935 and featured Art Deco designs, including a dining room with ceilings and decorations made of Lalique glass. The American World’s Fairs in Chicago (1933) and New York (1939) brought Art Nouveau design to the forefront, while Hollywood took this aesthetic
and made it glamorous in America, producing a new objectivity and international Major influences such as style on architecture, and the severe economic setbacks of the late 1920s and early 1930s, began to practice the Art Nouveau aesthetic, and the movement became less luxurious. In terms of architecture and design, Streamline Moderne uses clean curves, horizontal lines, slats, glass blocks and portholes.

Visually, Streamlined Moderne, as we all know, has returned to a more horizontal orientation and made it simpler, as any ostentatious display is considered bad. Art Nouveau, on the other hand, was primarily concerned with the natural environment, and designers and artists working in this style tried to harmonize modern objects with more natural forms. Filled with natural motifs such as sunlight and lianas, Art Nouveau owes much to the symmetry of the natural world. From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, Art Nouveau flourished in Europe.

Prominent Art Deco furniture designers of the era included André Marais (1887–1932), Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann (1879–1933) and Eileen Gray (1879–1976), while Art Deco artists pursued other art forms such as interior design. textile design, jewelry, metal objects, lighting, glassware and ceramics including André Groult (1884–1967), Jean Dunant (1877–1942), Paul Follet
(1877–1941) and Pierre Chareau (1883–1950). Notable Art Deco stylists included Paul Poiret (1879–1944), known for haute couture and Atelier Martine, and notable Art Deco fashion illustrators included George Barbier (1882–1932), Umberto Brunelleschi (1879– 1949), Erte (1892). -1990) and Charles Martin (1884-1934). The fact that Art Deco architectural designs have been embraced with such enthusiasm by architects in countries as diverse as the United Kingdom, Spain, Cuba, Indonesia, the Philippines, Argentina, Romania, Australia, New Zealand, India and Brazil speaks volumes in favor of novel Art Deco monumentality.

For example, a figure such as The Firebird (1922) by French designer Wren (c) Lalique is elegantly slender and relaxed, while Lee Lawris’ Atlas (1937) outside of Rockefeller Center is solid and sturdy. with markedly linear musculature, although both are considered exquisite representations of the Art Nouveau style. Art Nouveau had a horizontal rather than a vertical accent, rounded rather than angular corners, and some surface ornamentation. In the United States, the rounded corner has become more closely associated with transportation; Art Deco was rarely used in office buildings, but was often used for bus terminals and airport terminals, such as New York’s LaGuardia Airport Terminal, which operated the first transatlantic flights on Clipper PanAm seaplanes; and in street architecture such as gas stations and restaurants.